L P(J 406-3 C. GostsT Benefits, and Effectiveness basis of the number of persons 16 and over with less than high school education, based on the 1980 Census Thirty-two States had grants of more than $1 mil lion, with the four largest grants qoina tc i raiifftm?! ($7,701,939), New Vork 6 802 303). Texas ($5 90? ,267), 'L Pe ylva ($4,740,345). The smallest State grant was to Alaska for $24oS! In FY 1981, more than 2 million adults participated in the program, about one-fourth of whom received instruction 1n English as a second language. States continued efforts to Improve the quality of instructional services through special experimental demonstration projects and teacher training projects. Projects trained administrators, supervisors, teachers and paraprofessionals. Major program areas for special projects included xr English as a second language, adult performance level/life skills pmninu J5 ability, adults with disabilities, technology, and tutoring mp'°y" mei Type of Benefits Provided: The majority of Federal funds were spent on various types of instructional activities through grants made by the £!• States to local projects. All States are required to emphasize adult FTH basic education programs. Instruction In English as a second language wn( is also a priority of the legislation. M sch of Program Effectiveness: Federal program staff summarized State perfor- to mance reports and found that: bas o Approximately 80 percent of the participants are between 16 and 44 years Ser Old- BT of o Those benefiting from adult education, support services, and associated ski ??T"e ^l0^ ,fifforts included such groups as adults with 90 , limited English proficiency, adults in urban areas with high rates of Amei unemp oyment, and rural areas; imnlqrant adults; and personnel such as the administrators, supervisors, teachers, and paraprofesslonals. lea; Stai o No information is available on the effectiveness of the services. cier and . D" p]a"S ^r Program Improvement and Recommendations for Legislation Annu •""-•• ................................... — - •* - for None. *Th The Vocational Education Study. The Final Report. Publication 8.